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Sunday, May 3, 2020 | History

2 edition of Modeling snowmelt runoff in an Arctic coastal plain found in the catalog.

Modeling snowmelt runoff in an Arctic coastal plain

Robert F. Carlson

Modeling snowmelt runoff in an Arctic coastal plain

by Robert F. Carlson

  • 184 Want to read
  • 24 Currently reading

Published by University of Alaska in Fairbanks .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Snow -- Thermal properties.,
  • Runoff -- Arctic regions -- Computer programs.,
  • Hydrology -- Alaska -- Arctic regions.,
  • Thawing.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementRobert F. Carlson, William Norton and James McDougall.
    SeriesReport/University of Alaska (College), Institute of Water Resources -- no. IWR-43., Report (University of Alaska (College). Institute of Water Resources) -- no. IWR-43.
    ContributionsNorton, William., McDougall, James., United States. Office of Water Resources Research., University of Alaska (College), Alaska.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv, 72 p.
    Number of Pages72
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14112120M

    EPA/ May URBAN STORMWATER MANAGEMENT MODELING AND DECISION-MAKING By James P- Heaney, Wayne C. Huber, Hasan Sheikh, Miguel A. Medina, J. Robert Doyle, W. Alan Peltz, and John E. Darling University of Florida Gainesville, Florida Project No. ( GSC) Program Element No. 1BB PROJECT OFFICER Richard . Mark Kessler, Robert S. Anderson, Origin of the east-west asymmetry of paleo-glaciers in the Sierra Nevadas, Abstract for 34th Annual Arctic Workshop, Boulder, CO, March Riihimaki, C. A., Anderson, R. S., and Safran, E. B., Testing the impact of late Cenozoic rock uplift on the topography of the Rocky Mountains.

    Protecting Natural Wetlands: A Guide to Stormwater Best Management Practices especially important in areas where the value of natural wetlands has been diminished by construction of stormwater treatment systems adjacent to or in natural wetlands (South Carolina Coastal . Research Research Statement. My research focuses on the processes operating at the Earth's surface and the landforms that result. Although I am interested in the entire spectrum of earth-surface processes, my most recent work focuses on the roles of glaciers in modifying large scale landscapes, and on the evolution of hillslopes that acknowledges the roles of climate and of .

    The current stream research emphasizes long-term monitoring of two tundra rivers, whole-river nutrient enrichment experiments, intensive studies (15 N tracer studies) and extensive surveys of selected stream reaches of contrasting size and landscape setting. Long-term Monitoring and Nutrient Enrichment Studies The Kuparuk River has been our primary site for long-term . Abstract Year-long continuous radon monitoring was carried out (using Sarad Radon Scout devices) in a dwelling with high radon levels in the karst region of Slovenia. Two living r.


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Modeling snowmelt runoff in an Arctic coastal plain by Robert F. Carlson Download PDF EPUB FB2

McNamara et al. () described the typical runoff response of arctic watersheds. In summary, snowmelt runoff dominates the annual runoff contribution and for individual summer storms watersheds exhibit a fast initial runoff response, long lag times between hyetograph and hydrograph centroids, an extended recession, and a high runoff Cited by: Modeling the Impact of Climate Change on Runoff and Annual Water Balance of an Arctic Headwater Basin hydrologic modeling, snowmelt, Arctic hydrology, stream record extension Coastal Plain.

Hydrologic modeling of an arctic watershed, Alaska runoff is normally only generated from the coastal plain during snowmelt. Surface storage is an important process on the coastal plain. They are coupled with a snow cover mass and energy balance model which computes snowmelt; the computed snowmelt is then used as an input in the water routing models.

The methodology to simulate the snowmelt and the water flow in the basin requires several measurements which are described in this by: 2. Donald L. Forbes, in Coasts and Estuaries, Spring Breakup Flooding. The annual snowmelt and breakup flood event is vital to lake water renewal and nutrient inputs (Marsh and Hey, ).Annual peak flooding, which by was occurring on average 8 days earlier than in (Lesack et al., ), spreads up to 47% of annual Mackenzie River breakup discharge across the delta plain.

Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research publishes research and book reviews on any scientific or cultural aspect of Arctic, Antarctic, and alpine environments. Drainage Network Structure and Hydrologic Behavior of Three Lake-Rich Watersheds on the Arctic Coastal Plain, Alaska.

Get this from a library. The hydrologic regime at sub-arctic and arctic watersheds: present and projected. [Anna K Liljedahl] -- The wetlands in the Arctic Coastal Plain, Northern Alaska, support a multitude of wildlife and natural resources that depend upon the abundance of water.

Observations and climate model simulations. Lakes, ponds, and wetlands are common features in many low-gradient arctic watersheds. Storage of snowmelt runoff in lakes and wetlands exerts a strong influence on both the interannual and interseasonal variability of northern rivers.

This influence is often not well represented in hydrology models and the land surface schemes used in climate by: The Arctic Coastal Plain of northern Alaska is a complex landscape of lakes, streams, and wetlands scattered across low relief tundra that is underlain by permafrost.

This region of the Arctic has experienced a warming trend over the past three decades, leading to thawing of on-shore permafrost and the disappearance of sea ice at an. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research publishes research and book reviews on any scientific or cultural aspect of Arctic, Antarctic, and alpine environments.

Modeling the Thermal Zones and Biodiversity on the High Mountains of Meganesia: The Importance of Local Differences.

Book Chapter (14) Book Arctic Coastal Plain (1) The effect of a large fall and rise in temperature is noticed on snowmelt runoff measured at all the discharge stations, while a small temperature change does not affect the observed discharge at all the stations.

A snowpack can be described in many different ways. Although snow depths can be easily measured, the snow water equivalent (S WE in mm) is the more relevant property of a snowpack for most snow hydrological questions since the S WE is the water content in snow that directly contributes to runoff.

The S WE is defined as the amount of liquid water that would be. INTRODUCTION. The Arctic is an area of intense interest because climate-change signals are expected to be amplified in the region by about – times.

1 Ice-albedo feedback effect 1, 2 associated with the high albedo of snow and ice which cover a large fraction of the region has been postulated as one of the key reasons for the amplification of the by:   Chris M.

DeBeer and John W. Pomeroy, Influence of snowpack and melt energy heterogeneity on snow cover depletion and snowmelt runoff simulation in a cold mountain environment, Journal of Hydrology, /l,(), ().Cited by: J.

Fitzgibbon and T. Dunne, Land surface and lake storage during snowmelt runoff in a subarctic drainage system, Arctic and Alpine Research, 13,PDF T. Dunne, Measurement of the rate and effects of soil erosion in semi-arid rangelands; In: Environmental Monitoring for the Arab world, (ed.

Elmehriket al.), Royal Scientific. There are three physiographic features of the Northern Great Plains that affect nutrient transport from agroecosystems. First, is the semi-arid to sub-humid climate, which typically has very low rainfall runoff.

Second, cold winters and low rainfall runoff combine to make snowmelt runoff over frozen soils the dominant driver of nutrient by: 7. 23 Huntington, T.G,Assessment of the potential role of atmospheric acidic deposition in the pattern of southern pine beetle infestation in the northwest Coastal Plain Province of Georgia, U.S.

Geological Survey Water Resources Investigation Report75 p. Pond snowmelt, in terms of timing, melt rate, and duration, was variable in both years in response to shifting climatic conditions and individual snow amounts (see Fig.

Insnowmelt commenced on 5 June at the Coastal site and two days later at both the Moraine and Plateau ponds. 1. Introduction [2] River discharge is a primary driver of the Arctic Ocean freshwater budget.

The amount and variation of this freshwater inflow critically affect the salinity and sea ice formation, and may also exert significant control over global ocean circulation [Aagaard and Carmack, ].Arctic hydrologic systems exhibit large temporal variability due Cited by: into them. As shown in Figureheadwater streams are classified as first order, with order number increasing in a downstream ter networks of very small streams accumulate rainfall, overland flow, snowmelt, or aquifer discharge, sending variable amounts of water downstream to increasingly larger channels.

Full text of "Arctic Coastal Plain Public Lands Leasing Act of hearings before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, One Hundredth Congress, first session, on S.

to amend the Mineral Leasing Act of Octo 14, 15, " See other formats.Cambridge Core - Oceanography and Marine Science - River Discharge to the Coastal Ocean - by John D.

MillimanCited by: INTRODUCTION. The Arctic is an area of intense interest because climate‐change signals are expected to be amplified in the region by about – times.

1 Ice‐albedo feedback effect 1, 2 associated with the high albedo of snow and ice which cover a large fraction of the region has been postulated as one of the key reasons for the amplification of the by: